Titanium is a lustrous transition metal. It has low density and high strength. Titanium is alloyed with iron, vanadium, aluminium, and molybdenum to produce strong and lightweight alloys. Titanium is known for its two properties viz. corrosion resistance and strength-to-density ratio.
Titanium is ductile, lustrous, strong and low in density. It also has a high melting point, which makes it highly useful as a refractory metal. The tensile strength of titanium in pure form is high. Titanium is also immune to attacks form sulphuric and hydrochloric acids, and organic acids. Titanium is also capable of withstanding chloride solution attacks. It can withstand moderately high temperatures without creeping, thus making it useful in naval ships and armour material. Titanium is used in many industries such as military, agri-food medical, chemical, aerospace, desalination plants, mobile phones, petrochemical plants, automotive and sporting goods. The bio-compatibility and non-magnetic nature of Titanium makes it highly usable in the medical field. It can also resist corrosion in chemical, as well as water. Titanium is used in automotive applications for automobile and motorcycle racing, where low weight is of importance.