Rising prices of international coal – both coking and thermal - used in the making of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, respectively, are expected to have an impact on margins of metals companies in the July-September quarter (Q2) as steel companies may see margins getting eroded, while the base firms could stand to benefit, said brokerages.
Since metals is a cyclical sector, a year-on-year comparison for earnings would give a better picture. However, due to the ongoing pandemic and last year’s low base, the sequential comparison has been taken into consideration to show a clearer picture of pricing and volume trend.
Coking coal prices, a key raw material used in the making of steel, have risen $25-$30 per tonne sequentially along with prices of other consumables.
Due to this, varied impact on margins is expected for steel companies depending on their coal consumption pattern (domestic, international), the share of captive resources, and other factors said brokerages.
For Tata Steel, the country's oldest steel producer, domestic operations may be impacted partially by higher coking coal costs. Despite this, domestic realization is expected to increase by Rs 2,000 per tonne, said an Edelweiss report. The company does have a captive source of coking coal up to 25-30 percent which could lend support to realizations.
On a consolidated basis, however, a sharp improvement in earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) is likely for Tata Steel led by the turnaround performance of European operations, it said.
For Naveen Jindal-led Jindal Steel & Power (JSPL), despite a sharp uptick in sales volume, its EBITDA for the July-September quarter is expected to be impacted by higher coking coal and iron ore prices. On the realization front, steel longs have declined by Rs 2,000 per tonne sequentially, accentuating EBITDA further, said the Edelweiss report.
JSPL’s steel sales volume surged 32 percent sequentially in the September quarter and 10 percent year-on-year to hit a record of 2.13 million tonnes during the quarter. In Q2FY22, JSPL steel sales for the first time breached 2 million tonnes for the quarter, said the company in its recent release.
For Sajjan Jindal-led JSW Steel, EBITDA growth led by a higher realization, stable sequential volumes, and reliance on exports would be the key for the quarter gone by. Overseas subsidiaries are likely to do well owing to robust prices.
In JSW Steel’s India operations, crude steel produced for the quarter under preview stood at 4.92 million tonnes, up 26 percent year-on-year and flat from the preceding quarter. In the company’s US operations, production was up 12 percent sequentially.
Domestic steel prices have been muted compared to April-June and there has been a divergence between flat and long products prices, said Systematic Institutional Equities.
July-September being a seasonally weak quarter has also led to feeble demand in the domestic market, leading companies to turn to exports for increased sales.
Exports continue to boost sales with the share of exports rising to greater than 40 percent in Q2FY22 (from 34 percent in Q1FY22 and 38 percent in Q2FY21), said JSPL in its release.
On the other hand, on a year-on-year basis, net sales and profit growth for the steel pack are expected to be strong due to a low base and sharp increase in steel prices. Analysts at IDBI Capital, thus say, that the deleveraging will continue. “Higher profits will lead to strong improvement in balance sheets of steel companies which should likely improve further during H2FY22 in our view,” it said.
Alongside, non-ferrous metal companies are set to report strong performance on increased London Metal Exchange (LME) prices and higher competitiveness due to fixed coal prices.
International thermal coal prices have surged by more than 100 percent since May’21 to about $240 per tonne. Indonesian benchmark low GCV (gross calorific value) coals witnessed similar trends, said Systematix Institutional Equities.
This has increased the competitiveness of domestic aluminium producers who procure more than 80 percent of the coal at fixed prices from Coal India, it said.
Anil Agarwal-led Vedanta Limited’s EBITDA in the quarter under preview is seen rising 58 percent year-on-year and 4 percent sequentially. Vedanta is also expected to gain from higher crude oil prices. Hindalco’s EBITDA is also seen rising 36 percent year-on-year and 5 percent sequentially.
In the case of the aluminium industry, prices of both alumina and aluminium have gone up, which in turn will push up realizations for the companies.
The current thermal coal shortage situation for the domestic aluminium industry though continues and has been an issue for a month, but production of the metal has not been impacted even as coal stockpiles have taken a hit dropping to 3-4 day levels from the usual 20-25 days inventory, said, industry officials.
For India’s largest coal miner, Coal India's topline and bottom-line performance for the quarter under preview is expected to be muted sequentially, while on a YoY basis it is seen as a mixed bag. According to Bloomberg estimates, earnings are seen falling 7.2 percent in July-September from the preceding quarter but could be flat YoY, while topline is also expected to be flat sequentially and up 19 percent YoY.
Going ahead, during Oct-Mar FY22, domestic steel profitability should diverge materially across companies given different coking coal consumption patterns and product mix.
Assuming spot coking coal prices remain unchanged, how much of this impacts EBITDA per tonne in Q4FY22 will depend on steel price hikes in the second half of the fiscal, auto exposure, contract price hikes, volume growth, and fixed cost absorption along with captive coking coal and sourcing patterns said JP Morgan's Asia Pacific Equity Research report.
Coking coal (ex-Australia) prices rose sharply over Apr-Jun’21 from $130 per tonne to about $180 per tonne and are now above $350 per tonne.